You usually see Arabica or Single Origin texts on the instant coffee packages you buy or on the coffees you order at the cafes you go to. These; Names given to coffee beans. There are basically two species in the world; Arabica and Robusta. Arabica is a hard-to-care species that grows in higher regions than Robusta. Moreover, it is more delicious. Flowers, chocolate, etc., according to the region where it grows. aromas can also penetrate into the coffee. Robusta, on the other hand, has higher caffeine content than Arabica. Robusta, a species that grows in lower regions and is resistant to harsh conditions, is also very suitable for industrial production. Robusta is mostly used in blended coffees.

Single Origin is a statement that defines that the coffee you drink is not a blend, but that it is all grown in a single region. Blends such as House Blend and Office Blend, which you can usually come across in cafes, mean that coffee beans with different aromas are mixed into the coffee. Coffee varieties are basically divided into three; Espresso-based coffees, filter coffee and instant coffee. Along with the enriched coffee culture in recent years, we can add cold coffee to this trio.




It is prepared by infusing 90 degree water with compressed and finely ground coffee for 30 seconds with 9 bar pressure. Espresso is served in 30 mL shot glasses. In addition to electric machines, you can also prepare Espresso with the moka pot on the stove. Espresso, which is unique to Italians, is the main ingredient of many other coffees. Espresso coffee prepared with finely ground coffee beans is served in shot glasses. Espresso, which is a strong choice, is the ideal coffee choice for many people to start a vigorous day. You can also make espresso coffee at home. If you wish, you can buy the coffee beans and prepare them as finely ground and prepare the coffee with the hardness you want yourself.


American, which is softer than Espresso and stronger than filter coffee, is simply the diluted version of Espresso with hot water. You can easily adjust the hardness of American with the amount of Espresso, the amount of coffee in the Espresso and the amount of water. It can be thought that American started to be drunk in the United States due to its name. But the story is a little different. 2. During World War II, American soldiers meet Espresso. They add hot water to Espresso, which is dense, hard and scarce, and makes it suitable for their own taste. In this way, they lay the foundations of the American, which has survived to the present day without even realizing it. In the question of whether an American is strong, it is extremely important to know which coffee it is actually compared to. American coffee, which is softer than espresso coffee, is stronger than most filter coffees. American coffee can also be expressed as espresso coffee diluted with water.




Cappuccino, which is prepared with espresso, milk and milk foam, takes its name from the Capuchin priests. A shot of Espresso is added to each cup to prepare Cappuccino, which is lighter than Espresso and stronger than Latte. Then the milk is heated to 70 degrees. The important point here is to create foam up to 2-3 centimeters on the milk. The heated milk is then added to the Espresso. If you want to add presentation richness to your cappuccino, you can add chocolate chips. The degrees of strength are different for each coffee. Different coffee strength can be preferred from person to person. Cappuccino coffee is the perfect choice for people whose espresso coffee is strong but latte coffee is soft. Cappuccino coffee is an extremely soft choice compared to espresso coffee, but it is hard compared to latte coffee. The coffee content and excess used in coffee prepared with a mixture of milk and milk foam will also determine the hardness setting of the coffee. 


Struck first appeared in 1957 thanks to Nestle's chocolate drink for children. For Struck, which was started in Greece, cold water is added to instant coffee, not hot water. Mix 2 teaspoons of instant coffee, sugar and 3 tablespoons of cold water with the help of a shaker or mixer. Pour half of the resulting mixture into a tall glass. Add 7 to 8 ice cubes on it. Then add cold milk and water. When you add the remaining foam from the mixture to the glass, your Struck is ready. If you wish, you can enrich your drink with some cream or a scoop of ice cream.


Latte, which is very light to drink, is prepared by adding milk to Espresso at a rate of 1/3 or 1/5. It is served with milk foam on it. First, the steamed milk is poured into the glass. 1 shot of Espresso is added to the milk and the remaining foam from the milk is added to the glass to make the Latte ready for presentation. Latte, which is among the soft-drinking coffee options, is a recommended choice for those who are not very good with coffee. A latte consumed by adding milk to espresso coffee is also visually pleasing. First, the steamed milk is added to the glass. Afterwards, espresso coffee is added to the cup. Finally, milk foam is added to the glass and the final is made ready to serve.

Milk with coffee

The difference between latte macchiato and latte is that it is served in a glass glass. Larger volume (200-220 ml.) glasses are used. Therefore, it contains more milk and consists of three layers (milk, coffee, milk foam) that concern the visual aspect of the work rather than the taste. About 14-15 grams. (double shot) coffee is used. The visual feast can be increased to four layers by adding various syrups that flavor the coffee.




Macchiato, which has a hard and aromatic taste, is prepared by adding foamed milk to Espresso. After the hot milk is turned into foam with the help of a mixer, it is added to 1 shot of Espresso. If you wish, you can serve with coconut on it. Macchiato is divided into two as Long Macchiato and Milk with coffee. Long Macchiato is prepared with 2 shots of Espresso and some hot milk is added in addition to the milk foam. Milk with coffee, on the other hand, is a type of beverage that tastes between Latte and Macchiato.


Mocha, named after Mucha Port in Yemen, is prepared with 1/3 Espresso and 2/3 milk. The difference from Latte and Cappuccino is that there is chocolate syrup or powder in Mocha. You put chocolate syrup or powder in the glass. Then you add the hot milk, and finally, very slowly, you add Espresso from the rim of the glass. When you add the milk foam obtained from the whipped milk to the coffee, Mocha is ready to be served. Those looking for different flavors can also add flavors such as vanilla syrup or caramel to their coffee.


Moroccan, which is consumed a lot in Italy, is prepared with 1 shot of Espresso, milk foam and coconut powder. Add milk foam on 1 shot of espresso, and finally, you can add coconut powder to make your coffee ready for presentation. In addition to coconut powder, you can also add cocoa powder to your coffee.


It is a very strong type of coffee prepared with the same weight of coffee as espresso, but with less water. While many people do not prefer espresso, which is famous for its strength, it is not for everyone to drink ristretto. However, if you are a strong coffee lover, you should definitely try it.




It is a type of coffee obtained from a mixture of milk and espresso, such as latte and cappuccino. The amount of espresso and milk in its content is equal. This means that the coffee taste is much more intense than latte and cappuccino. Served in a 120 ml glass cup without a handle. Its name comes from the Spanish verb to cut and "Cut!" means.

Flat White

Flat white is an espresso-based beverage invented to make the coffee aroma more intense. Served in 180 ml cups. The difference from latte is that double shot espresso is used and the cream layer is thinner. It was first made in Australia and from there it spread all over the world.


It is an espresso-based food that comes to the fore especially in the summer months and is obtained by adding espresso to ice cream. Vanilla ice cream should be used. It is made ready by adding a single shot of espresso on a ball of ice cream. It can be garnished with sauces. It is served in a 120 ml glass glass with a small spoon.

Filter coffee

Ground coffee is brewed by passing it through hot water with the help of a metal or paper filter. Those who will prepare it in a French Press can put hot water and ground coffee in a glass container, let it brew for a while, then filter it with the help of a metal filter to make the filter coffee ready. You can add milk, sugar or cream to filter coffee, which is the most consumed coffee in the world.



Instant Coffee

When you brew espresso and filter coffee, the remaining pulp is thrown away. In soluble coffee, however, the pulp is the main ingredient. If you add the coffee powder to the hot water and mix it, your coffee is ready. However, instant coffee loses its aroma and naturalness as it goes through many industrial processes. Most countries are gradually reducing their consumption of instant coffee. 

Cold coffee

Since we constantly use hot water when brewing coffee, many fatty acids in coffee dissolve. This gives the coffee a bitter taste. Since the water we use while preparing cold coffee is also cold, these fatty acids do not dissolve and the coffee becomes softer. There are basically 3 different methods you can use to brew cold coffee. These; It comes in Cold Drip, Cold Brew and Ice Cold Coffee.