It is a brewing method based on French Press, which is formed by the French grinding the coffee and filtering the beverage prepared by throwing it into the water. This preparation work first starts in copper pots and then continues in mugs. But it was the Italians who made the French Press as we know it today. The first French Press design is made by Attillio Calimani. The reason why it spread to the world under the name of French Press is that Faliero Bondanini, who gave the design its final form, brought this design to life in a factory in France and the product spread from there to the world.
Another name for French Press is cafetiere. Although we say French Press, the French use the phrase "cafetiere" or "cafetiere a piston".
The French Press has a perforated filter. Therefore, the grinding thickness is very important for the brewing quality. After grinding, the particles must be large enough not to pass through the holes of the filter. You can think of this size as the size of Himalayan salt.
Since it is a coarse grind, the contact surface of the coffee with water is less. For this reason, for a quality brewing, the coffee is kept together for 4-5 minutes after meeting the water.
During this time, it is important that the equipment is warm so that the coffee does not become cold. Before starting the brewing process, the French Press chamber and filter are heated with hot water.
For brewing, the coffee water ratio can be used between 1/16 and 1/20. In other words, you can use 16-20 grams of water for each gram of coffee. If you ask how to measure, a tablespoon of coffee comes to about 8 grams. A normal sized teacup holds 160 ml of water. Therefore, you can brew like a tablespoon for each cup.
If you add some hot water and wait for 15-20 seconds after you pour the coffee, you will also ensure that the gases trapped in the coffee grains come out. Thus, the coffee particles are ready for brewing. If the water used is at a temperature of 93 degrees, it will provide an ideal brewing. Then add the water and do not mix. If you mix it, the brewing will accelerate and you will get a more bitter coffee after 4-5 minutes. In addition, the brewing is not complete, as the pieces will quickly sink to the bottom after mixing. Let the grains merge with the water gradually.
Move as slowly as possible while pressing. Thus, both the filtering will be of better quality and the particles will be pushed to the bottom leaving their flavor.
Do not pour the coffee to the last drop while taking it into the cup. The last drops contain sediment and spoil the taste of the drink.
FrenchPress is a very enjoyable brewing method, the only drawback is that it tends to cool down during brewing. In addition, the cooling rate may increase as it will be taken into a cup after brewing. To prevent this, we recommend that you preheat the cup with some hot water before pouring your coffee into the cup. Also, do not touch a cold surface (marble, stone, etc.) Be careful not to put