Ethiopia, or Ethiopia, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a large East African country located in the Horn of Africa. One of Ethiopia's biggest economic resources is coffee. Coffee meets 60% of the country's foreign income. On the other hand, Ethiopian coffee has a 3% place in the world coffee market.
According to the legend; Ethiopia met coffee for the first time in world history. One day, an Ethiopian goat herder saw his goats eating coffee fruit while grazing. Goats that ate the coffee fruit lost their lethargy and looked more energetic. Realizing this power of coffee, the goat herder initiated the making of coffee one of the most consumed beverages in the world.
Although the world's first coffee originated in these lands, coffee farmers in Ethiopia have had a hard time in recent history. In 1974, the dictatorship forced farmers to sell coffee to the state. But this reign did not last long. In 1991, the dictatorship was overthrown and farmers switched to sustainable pricing and cooperatives.
In 2008, another development occurred and the system called ECX came into effect. The coffee beans collected in this system were classified according to their flavor profiles and then packaged as a result of these classifications. Thanks to this system, the coffee market could communicate directly with the farmer. Thus, the farmers could get the reward of their labor by obtaining sales at better prices.
Generally, Arabica coffee fruit is grown in Ethiopia. Ethiopia, which is also described as the birthplace of coffee, is one of the regions where the highest quality coffee beans are grown.
Coffee has become a part of the culture of the Ethiopian people. Just as the Japanese hold tea ceremonies on special dates and times, Ethiopian people offer coffee and hold sessions to enjoy coffee at times of important events and ceremonies. So much so that the people of Ethiopia consume most of the coffee they produce.
Ethiopian farmers do not need any extra chemicals to grow coffee. Because Ethiopia's climate and volcanically rich soils allow coffee to grow on its own. Moreover, there are many types of coffee grown in the wild nature of Ethiopia.
Ethiopia's local people also have simple tools that they use to grind their own coffee. Thus, they process the coffee they grow with their own means, grind them and bring them to a drinkable consistency.
Ethiopian coffee is dominated by floral and fruity aromas. The flavor profile of Ethiopian coffee may also show some differences according to the region where it is produced and coffee varieties. However, Ethiopian coffee is one of the coffee varieties with the highest flavor profile in general. The coffee beans produced are either processed by drying in the sun or processed by wet processing. The processing method of coffee directly affects its flavor. Sun-dried coffee beans impart a sweet fruit flavor. The method of washing the coffee beans gives a more floral and citrus flavor.
The area where coffee is grown in Ethiopia reaches 4000 square kilometers. Ethiopian coffee, which is grown at an average temperature of 15-21 degrees Celsius, grows at altitudes of 1500-2700 m. This gives the coffee the time it needs to absorb its aroma.
We have said above that Ethiopia's climate and soil structure are very productive for growing coffee. However, the coffees that Ethiopia offers to the world market are grown in special regions. As Ben Coffee Co, we prefer Sidamo (Yirgacheffe) Coffee Region. The coffee beans grown in this region are considered among the best coffee beans in the world. The coffee beans grown in this region in the south of Ethiopia have a very mild flavor and have unique citrus aromas.
The produced coffees have a light body and bright acidity. For this, it would be a good decision to use filter coffee methods. The coffee you use should be freshly roasted and ground. If you want to use washed Ethiopian coffee beans, brewing with Chemex is ideal. You can get flavors that you will love.
To achieve syrupy body, bright acid and fruit flavors V60 using thin paper filter you can choose. You can capture fruity flavors with medium ground coffee beans. It also prevents bitter tastes from coming. Also, if you like fruity and herbal flavors, you can try Ethiopian coffee with cold brew methods. Also, pay attention to the grinding thickness of the coffee beans so that your coffee does not produce too much acid.